from research that lecturing actually
forces a person’s brain to stay at lower
levels of cognitive development. It essentially flat lines the brain. From
looking at brain-based research we also know that lecturing
to students does not engage them and if they’re not engaged, they’re not
learning. So, it’s important to remember that if they look like
they’re checking out, it’s because their brain actually
IS checking out. Those non-verbals are
telling you the whole story, everything you need to know. So what do we do
about this? How can we then connect with our learner’s prior experience to
engage them at a deeper level and elevate their potential to learn?
what episode one of the ElevatED podcast explores.
We tracked down Dr. Alison Friederichs, associate dean for academic
affairs and associate teaching professor here at University College.
She’s been teaching communication courses for 17 years. She is
also actively engaged in research and regularly speaks on topics related
to how the adult brain learns and the implications of that knowledge on
teaching. Dr. Friederichs gives us some context and a bit of an overview
about how is the adult brain different
than any other brain when it comes to learning. She offers the following
1. Use analogies. And when I say analogies, I’m using that term really loosely to say use metaphors, similes, stories, parables, things like that. Analogies are wonderful tools for connecting to prior experience because they allow the student to make the connection in their own way, not in the way that I think they should make them.
2. Ask questions. Ask lots and lots of questions of your students. Where are you, what do you know about this? What connections are you making? Sometimes it’s okay to say what’s missing, you know, how am I not connected? That can also be very telling. Also, we can do pre-assessments by the way. It doesn’t always have to just be in the moment. For example, ask prior to class, “what do you think this unit is about? What do you know about it?” So, now you know ahead of time that you can try to meet your learners where they are instead of trying to just get them to come to you.
3. Try something new. If you’ve been teaching online and you’re a little hesitant to move outside of just doing a discussion board and a videotaped lecture, just try one thing, ask your students to do something out of the norm. For example, engage in a conversation with a colleague about a concept and then talk about that conversation on the discussion thread or post a video on the discussion thread. Ask them to do a mind map, whatever it is, just take one baby step and try something new.
Want to learn more? Listen to the full episode!